Green Earth Systems Limited.


Green Earth Systems Limited

Mr Nilesh Nair today epitomizes visionary leadership, commitment to excellence and sustainable development, the integral factors that have helped the Green Earth Systems grow in the global market.

Our 14th Anniversary is a landmark worthy of celebration. It has been a remarkable achievement and expansion and growth, with the most recent years continuing that success.

A strategic vision for the future is what drives Green Earth Systems success — and our clients. It is an approach that has served us well for more than 14 years, particularly during extraordinary periods of market turmoil. Similar to the financial industry worldwide, Green Earth Systems is at a turning point. As we forge ahead in this new global market environment, it is critical for us to build on our history, expertise and ingenuity to continue to maximize our opportunities from a position of strength. To do this, we have built a roadmap for our future that centres on enhancing our culture, engaging our employees and the communities around us, exceeding the expectations of our clients. With an excellent management team, deep client relationships, global reach and scale, I believe Green Earth Systems is well positioned to face the future with confidence.

The greatest results in life are usually attained by simple means and the exercise of ordinary qualities.  The ability to convert ideas to things is the secret to our business growth and its success.  Our strength, Energy, invincible determination with the right motive, is the levers that move Green Earth Systems and defines who we are.

Thank you.

Mr Nilesh C Nair
Founder Chairman & CEO, Green Earth Systems Limited, Hong Kong

Australia in brief Trading with the world

As a modern trading nation, Australia is a diversified and reliable supplier of high quality goods and services to over 200 countries and a sophisticated import market for products from all over the world.

Australia’s sea and air ports are dynamic and efficient. The ports of Sydney and Melbourne on the east coast of Australia are the major trading centres for manufactured goods. Coal, iron ore and an array of other natural resources and commodities such as Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), various minerals and wheat are also shipped from major facilities around the nation’s extensive coast line.

Australia has a long history of trading with the world.

One of the earliest exports was wool, from which the expression ‘Australia riding on the sheep’s back’ was born. Today, a more diverse export industry has grown incorporating manufacturing products, services such as education and tourism, and high quality food and wine

As of 2007, Australia’s largest export markets were Japan, China, the United States, Republic of Korea and New Zealand.

Australia is a strong advocate of trade liberalisation, and consistently supports trade liberalisation in the World Trade Organisation (WTO). In 1948, Australia was one of the inaugural 23 signatories to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) – the precursor to the WTO – and has played an active role in global trade talks.

One of Australia’s initiatives was bringing together the Cairns Group, a coalition of 19 agricultural exporting nations which has become an influential voice for the liberalisation of agricultural trade. It met for the first time in the Far North Queensland city of Cairns in 1986.

Australia has also played an activist role in forming regional trade and economic groupings, such as the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) which was launched in Canberra in 1989. It has since become the premier forum for economic growth, cooperation, trade and investment in the Asia-Pacific region – the fastest growing economic region of the world.

Trade has always been a vital component in Australia’s economic prosperity. The hallmarks of its trading success have been strong infrastructure and stable institutions; a flexible and skilled workforce; and a rich resource and agricultural base.

Company Directors

Dr. Vinny Pillay,

South Africa | International Director Commodities

Doctor Vinny Pillay, with extensive background in the Medical sector and cooperate management brings hi morality into the Green Earth Systems. Working and residing in Durban, South Africa with his wife and two daughters, has direct knowledge and experience in the African subcontinent. Current portfolio extends to UREA, chemical fertilizers, Coal and Iron Ore. A Firm believer in Mahatma Gandhi principals and fundamentals in living a True and Happy Life: “Man often becomes what he believes himself to be. If I keep on saying to myself that I cannot do a certain thing, it is possible that I may end by really becoming incapable of doing it. On the contrary, if I have the belief that I can do it, I shall surely acquire the capacity to do it even if I may not have it at the beginning.  Becoming a man of Value means more than becoming a man of wealth.” I am grateful to be part of Green Earth Systems and I am here to serve. Thank you, Dr. Vinny Pillay

Mr. Abdou Abouelezz
Egypt | International Director Commodities

Our goal is to become Egypt’s premier Import & Export Company by remaining grounded in values and moving ahead with innovative ideas, strategies and products. Our paret company in Australia has reached an important milestone towards it’s goal and now we are geared to evolve with a new strength. Our team is focused on achieving this goal by constantly enhancing the skills and quality of service. “You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is an ocean; if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty. Egypt was a powerhouse and it shall be again. It is the responsibility of each person to keep moving forward and to stand united even in difficult times.God Bless.” I am grateful to be part of Green Earth Systems and I am here to serve. Thank you,Mr. Abdou Abouelezz

Mr. Edmond Totonjian

International Director, GTi

Mr. Totonjian based in Sydney now with his Wife and Children, has worked in almost every corner of the Globe including Europe and the Middle East, and has extensive connections world-wide. He is Fluent in seven languages and understands the cultural differences in the Import/Export business, with more than 40years of experience.

It is important to maintain creativity, Trust, Progress and Excellence and to establish our reputation for delivering the absolute BEST in our Services/Product and extraordinary customer relations.

It is my pleasure to be part of the Green Earth Systems, Growing family and honour to serve.

Thank you.

Mr. Edmond Totonjian

Mr Abdallah Mohammad Awad Al-Fhale

International Director Commodity, Engineer, Renewable Energy Director

Mr. Abdallah Mohammad Awad Al-Fhale, (B.Sc. Electrical Engineering & B.Sc.) Serving in the High Ranking Officer “General” in the Jordanian Army. Now resides in Amman, Jordon with his wife and son. Mr Abdallah has been working in the international market in Projects for renewable Energy solutions in Europe, Middle East and Africa. If we truly want an innovative and creative renewable fuel industry, then it needs to be challenged. There is no Right solution, but there are solutions. Clearly, we need more incentives to quickly increase the use of wind and solar power; they will cut costs, increase our energy independence and our national security and reduce the consequences of global warming. We need to ultimately make clean, renewable energy the profitable kind of energy. Free for Everyone!Thank you and God Bless, Mr Abdallah Mohammad Awad Al-Fhale

Mr. Ajay Thaker

Director, International Trade: GERMANY

Resides in Berlin, Germany, has been working in the international Commodity, D2 and Energy Sector for more then 16 years.

Mr Ajay Thaker born in India now based in Germany with his wife and son. Mr Ajay with extensive worked in Africa, India and Germany.

“Life isn’t about finding yourself. Life is about creating yourself. SO create a road map of happiness, first and the rest just happens”.

I am very happy to be a part of Green Earth Systems and here to serve.

Thank you,

Ajay Thaker

Alex Li

Director, IT Solutions Mr Li has been involved in the international “I.T. Solutions” for over 10 years from International Airports to the infrastructure and backbone to countries internet. Mr Li has designed and developed complete infrastructure for major international airports and Government buildings. He runs a team both internationally and in Australia. We have moved beyond IT changing the future of business to the point where IT is the future of business. In order to innovate and compete, companies need to shift focus from growing or updating the IT department, to instead integrating IT throughout the business. IT not only plays a major part in day-to-day from businesses but has become the backbone. Imagine the possibilities of Tomorrow, Today. Thank you, Mr Alex Li



Urea, a white crystalline solid containing 46% nitrogen, is widely used in the agricultural industry as an animal feed additive and fertilizer Here we discuss it only as a nitrogen fertilizer.

  • Urea can be applied to soil as a solid or solution or to certain crops as a foliar spray.
  • Urea usage involves little or no fire or explosion hazard.
  • Urea’s high analysis, 46% N, helps reduce handling, storage and transportation costs over other dry N forms.
  • Urea manufacture releases few pollutants to the environment.
  • Urea, when properly applied, results in crop yield increases equal to other forms of nitrogen.

Urea Losses to the Air

Urea breakdown begins as soon as it is applied to the soil. If the soil is totally dry, no reaction happens. But with the enzyme urease, plus any small amount of soil moisture, urea normally hydrolizes and converts to ammonium and carbon dioxide. This can occur in 2 to 4 days and happens quicker on high pH soils. Unless it rains, urea must be incorporated during this time to avoid ammonia loss. Losses might be quite low in the spring if the soil temperature is cold. The chemical reaction is as follows: CO(NH2)2 + H2O + urease 2NH3 +CO2
(urea) The problem is the NH3, because it’s a gas, but if incorporated the NH3, acts the same as incorporated anhydrous ammonia. Also, half of 28% liquid N is urea and the same thing happens with this half as with regular urea.

Incorporate Urea for Best Use

Nitrogen from urea can be lost to the atmosphere if fertilizer urea remains on the soil surface for extended periods of time during warm weather. The key to the most efficient use of urea is to incorporate it into the soil during a tillage operation. It may also be blended into the soil with irrigation water. A rainfall of as little as 0.25 inches is sufficient to blend urea into the soil to a depth at which ammonia losses will not occur.

Table 1. Percent of surface-added urea volatilized as ammonia at different temperatures and days on the surface.

Temperature (F)
Days 45 degrees 60 degrees 75 degrees 90 degrees

(% of added N volatilized)
0 0 0 0 0
2 0 0 1 2
4 2 2 4 5
6 5 6 7 10
8 5 7 12 19
10 6 10 14 20

Data abstracted from curves in SSSP 24, pages 87-90, 1960. Urea was added on a silt loam soil at 100 lbs N.


Table 2. Percent of surface-added urea volatilized as ammonia at various soil pH levels and days on the surface.

Soil pH
Days 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 7.0 7.5

(% of added N volatilized)
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 0 0 0 0 1 5
4 1 2 5 10 18 20
6 4 5 7 11 23 30
8 8 9 12 18 30 33
10 8 10 13 22 40 44

Data from SSSP 24, pages 87-90, 1960. Urea added on silt loam soil at 100 lb. N.


Data from SSSP 24, pages 87-90, 1960. Urea added on silt loam soil at 100 lb. N.


Fall Application Comparisons

Urea can be readily nitrified—that is, converted to nitrate (NO3)— even when applied late in the fall, and can be quite susceptible to denitrification or leaching the following spring. Anhydrous ammonia (AA) applied in the fall does not nitrify as quickly, due to the stunting of microorganisms in the AA application band. A two-year study conducted at Waseca compared late-October applications of both AA and urea for continuous corn (Table 3). These data show a 6 bu/A advantage for AA over urea when applied in the fall without a nitrification inhibitor. But when N-Serve was added, a 16 bu/A advantage was shown with AA. This indicates that the inhibitor has a better degree of contact with the AA mix than is possible with urea.

Table 3. Corn yield as influenced by N source, time of application, and nitrification inhibitor at Waseca.

1981 – 82 Avg.
N Source * Fall Spring

- – - Yield (bu/A) – - -
AA (82% N) 162 168
AA + N-serve 170 172
Urea (45% N) 156 164
Urea + N-serve 154 162

*150 lb N/A Malzer & Randall


Spreading of Urea

Urea can be bulk-spread, either alone or blended with most other fertilizers. It is recommended that the spreading width not exceed 50 feet when combined with other fertilizer materials.

Urea often has a lower density than other fertilizers with which it is blended. This lack of “weight” produces a shorter “distance-of-throw” when the fertilizer is applied with spinner-type equipment. In extreme cases this will result in uneven crop growth and “wavy” or “streaky” fields.

Blending Urea with Other Fertilizers

Urea and fertilizers containing urea can be blended quite readily with monoammonium phosphate (11-52-0) or diammonium phosphate (18-46-0).

Urea should not be blended with superphosphates unless applied shortly after mixing. Urea will react with superphosphates, releasing water molecules and resulting in a damp material which is difficult to store and apply.

Fluid Urea

Uniformity of particle size is important with dry solid urea, whether applied directly or in blended formulations. Some imported urea appears to be below U.S. quality standards on granule uniformity. Dissolving urea and marketing the liquid solution is an attempt to overcome this lack of uniformity and still take advantage of the favorable urea price.

The liquid mix of urea and ammonium nitrate (UAN 28% N) has been on the market for a long time. The characteristics of this solution, however, are not the same as when urea alone is dissolved in water. A solution of 50% urea by weight results in 23-0-0 and has a salting-out temperature of 60 degrees F. In order to store and handle liquid urea during cooler temperatures, the nitrogen concentration must be lowered to reduce salting problems. There are several possible formulations that can be used for this, such as adding small amounts of ammonium nitrate, ammonium sulfate, or anhydrous ammonia.

Research, particularly on liquid urea, is very limited. Generally, where dry urea functions successfully, the fluid urea should perform equally well and may have the advantage of better uniformity over some dry urea sources.

Biuret in Urea

Biuret in urea can cause agronomic problems if placed near the seed. or even if added preplant in bands where seeds will later be planted.

Most U.S. manufacturers of urea keep biuret content low by keeping high temperatures to a minimum. Biuret content is typically around 0.3%, although urea of foreign origin appears to be higher.

High heat is normal during the manufacture of urea. If heat exceeds 200 degrees F there is a slight conversion of urea to biuret, but this takes place only during the manufacturing process. No such conversion happens in storage or in the soil.

Biuret converts to ammonia, but conversion is much slower than for urea. Since biuret remains in the soil for several weeks, the potential for seed damage continues beyond the brief period of conversion of urea to ammonia. The major damage of biuret is to germinating seeds. There is little damage through plant absorption, although some citrus crops have been affected.

Application of Urea to Growing Crops

Urea can be applied to sod crops, winter wheat. or other small grains. This application, however, should be made during cool seasons. During warm periods (60 degrees F or above), urea in contact with vegetative material will tend to give off ammonia.

If urea must be applied on grass pastures in the summer, apply when there is a high probability of rainfall.



The soybean or soya bean is a species of legume native to East Asia, widely grown for its edible bean which has numerous uses. The plant is classed as an oilseed rather than a pulse by the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO).

Fat-free soybean meal is a primary, low-cost source of protein for animal feeds and most prepackaged meals; soy vegetable oil is another product of processing the soybean crop. For example, soybean products such as textured vegetable protein (TVP) are ingredients in many meat and dairy analogues. Soybeans produce significantly more protein per acre than most other uses of land.

Traditional nonfermented food uses of soybeans include soy milk, and from the latter tofu and tofu skin. Fermented foods include soy sauce, fermented bean paste, natto, and tempeh, among others. The oil is used in many industrial applications.

The main producers of soy are the United States (35%), Brazil (27%), Argentina (19%), China (6%) and India (4%).

GMO (Genetically Modified Organism) soybeans are genetically modified foods. GMO soybeans are different from plants that are crossbred for desirable traits. Rather, GMO soybeans have been altered by transplanting desired genes from one plant to another. GMO soybeans help increase crop yields, but the possible harmful effects of genetically modified foods has many people demanding non GMO soybeans instead.

GMO soybeans make it possible for farmers to plant hardier plants that are more resistant to disease and other environmental factors. Non GMO soybeans, such as the Roundup Ready soybean, cannot be exposed to chemical pesticides or treated during storage. Genetically modified soybeans, on the other hand, can be created in such a way that they can be treated if necessary.

Since traits are simply transplanted from one breed to the other when creating genetically modified foods, producing soybeans with desirable traits is much quicker through genetic engineering than it is through crossbreeding. In addition, GMO soybeans help increase profits for farmers while helping them meet the growing demand for food. Despite the positive aspects of genetically modified foods, many people are concerned about the possible negative side effects and want to only deal with non GMO soybeans and other foods.

World Soybean Production: Area Harvested, Yield, 
and Long-Term Projections

Soybeans (Glycine max) serve as one of the most valuable crops in the world, not only as an oil seed crop and feed for livestock and aquaculture, but also as a good source of protein for the human diet and as a biofuel feedstock. The world soybean production increased by 4.6% annually from 1961 to 2007 and reached average annual production of 217.6 million tons in 2005-07. World production of soybeans is predicted to increase by 2.2% annually to 371.3 million tons by 2030 using an exponential smoothing model with a damped trend. Finally, three scenarios and their implications are presented for increasing supply as land availability declines. The scenarios highlight for agribusiness policy makers and managers the urgent need for significant investments in yield improving research. Soybean, production, yield, land use, long-term projection, exponential smoothing with damped trend.

Top Soybean Producers
America led the world in soybean production in 2005, with an output of 84 million metric tonnes. Second-place Brazil produced 57 million tonnes, followed by Argentina with 41 million tonnes and China with 18 million tonnes.
America’s average annual growth rate of soybean production over the past 4 decades is 5% compared to Brazil’s more robust 14% average annual increase. Experts expect Brazil to overtake America as the world’s largest soybean producer within a few years.
Boasting an average annual increase of 27%, Argentinean soybean production has risen even faster than Brazil. Both South American nations have become strong competitors for the U.S. in the world soybean market.

Top Soybean Consumers
In 2005, the U.S. was the number one soybean consumer in the world. The list below reveals other leading soybean consuming countries.

  • The United States (85%) and Argentina (98%) produce almost exclusively GM soybeans. In these countries, GM soybeans are approved without restrictions and are treated just like conventional soybeans. Producers and government officials in the US and Argentina do not see a reason to keep GM and conventionally bred cultivars separate – whether during harvest, shipment, storage or processing. Soybean imports from these countries generally contain a high amount of GM content.
  • At one time, GM soybeans were not permitted in Brazil. Nevertheless, GM seed was smuggled in from neighbouring countries and planted illegally. Now, GM soybeans are approved. In 2007, 64 per cent of the country’s soybean crop is genetically modified. Most of Brazil’s conventional soybeans are grown in the northern part of the country. European food and feed companies were able to determine that soybeans from northern Brazil contain little or no GM material.
  • Large-scale, commercial plantings of genetically modified soybeans can also be found in Paraguay, Canada, Uruguay and South Africa.


Top Soybean Consumers
In 2005, the U.S. was the number one soybean consumer in the world. The list below reveals other leading soybean consuming countries.

  1. United States … 51 million tonnes (61% of U.S. production)
  2. Brazil … 32 million tonnes (56% of Brazilian production)
  3. Argentina … 31 million tonnes (76% of Argentinean production)
  4. China … 45 million tonnes (250% of Chinese production)

European Union nations consumed 15 million tonnes of soybean products in 2005.
China continues to experience the fastest growth in soybean consumption. Increased incomes in the People’s Republic are fuelling increased demand for soyoil. As well, more soymeal is being used as feed in China’s developing livestock industry.

The following list shows the three soybean-producing nations that are best-positioned to benefit from China’s accelerating demand for soybeans.

Top Soybean Exporters
Brazil, America and Argentina generated over 92% of global soybean exports in 2005.

  1. Brazil … 25 million tonnes (39% of world soybean exports)
  2. United States … 24 million tonnes (37%)
  3. Argentina … 10 million tonnes (16%)

Chinese soybean imports have skyrocketed by more than 27 times from 0.8 million tonnes in 1995. In addition to the robust domestic appetite for soy products, extensive investment in soybean crushing facilities in Chinese coastal cities has added to China’s escalating demand for imported soybeans.

Over half of the world’s 2007 soybean crop (58.6%) wasgenetically modified, a higher percentage than for any other crop. Each year, EU Member States import approximately 40 million tonnes of soy material, primarily destined for use as cattle, swine, and chicken feed. Soybeans are also used to produce many food additives.

In 2007, 216 million tonnes of soybeans were produced worldwide. The world’s leading soybean producers are the United States (33%), Brazil (27%), Argentina (21%), and China (7%). India and Paraguay are also noteworthy soybean producers.

Worldwide soybean production: The first Description: modified soybeans were planted in the United States in 1996. More than ten years later, GM soybeans are planted in nine countries covering more than 60 million hectares. These GM soybeans possess a gene that conferS.


Creating genetically engineered foods is quite costly to research and to develop. In addition, the development of genetically modified foods can make it easy for one company to monopolize the market.

The possible negative side effects of genetically modified foods, however, are the primary reasons so many people prefer non GMO soybeans. Many fear that the science of creating genetically engineered foods is not advanced enough to determine whether these foods are safe.

Unfortunately, maintaining the purity of non GMO soybeans is difficult because GMO soybeans have the ability to crossbreed with these plants during the growing season. This has added another concern regarding genetically modified foods – the Terminator gene. This gene has been purposely placed in genetically engineered foods in order to cause GMO seeds to sterilize seeds produced by the plant. In this way, the technology of the companies who produced the seeds is preserved. Unfortunately, this terminator gene can crossbreed with non GMO soybeans and other plants to sterilize these plants, as well. Many fear that this could lead to increased world hunger as plants fail to reproduce.

World Soybean Production: Area Harvested, Yield,
and Long-Term Projections

Soybeans (Glycine max) serve as one of the most valuable crops in the world, not only as an oil seed crop and feed for livestock and aquaculture, but also as a good source of protein for the human diet and as a biofuel feedstock. The world soybean production increased by 4.6% annually from 1961 to 2007 and reached average annual production of 217.6 million tons in 2005-07. World production of soybeans is predicted to increase by 2.2% annually to 371.3 million tons by 2030 using an exponential smoothing model with a damped trend. Finally, three scenarios and their implications are presented for increasing supply as land availability declines. The scenarios highlight for agribusiness policy makers and managers the urgent need for significant investments in yield improving research. Soybean, production, yield, land use, long-term projection, exponential smoothing with damped trend.

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